ODRA Sweepers

Buying Guide: Everything You Need To Know About CDL Requirements

Everything-You-Need-To-Know-About-CDL-Requirements

Background

Considering a new road sweeper but unsure of the details? It can be hard to know what specifications are right for you. Let’s talk about CDL (or, Commercial Driver’s License) requirements for sweepers and the meaning and implications of a “derated” chassis.

When it comes to CDL requirements, it all comes down to GVWR. GVWR (or gross vehicle weight rating) is the total maximum operating weight of the vehicle. A commercial vehicle does not require a CDL if its total operating weight does not exceed 26,000 lbs.

CDL, non-CDL, or Derated?

Required CDL

A CDL is necessary for operating vehicles with a GVWR of 26,001 lbs. or more. This requirement ensures that drivers have the knowledge and skills necessary to operate large commercial machinery safely and effectively. CDLs may differ by state, so it’s essential to understand the specific regulations in your area.

CDL drivers are in high demand. Professions that typically require CDL licenses include cargo truck drivers, heavy equipment haulers, and truck driving instructors.

Non-CDL:

Vehicles that have a GVWR of 26,000 or less are advertised as “non-CDL,” or not requiring a commercial driver’s license. For these vehicles, a standard driver’s license will suffice. To obtain a standard driver’s license, you must meet legal requirements for driving age and pass a driver’s test.

Due to the high demand for CDL drivers, many manufacturers have begun building vehicles with a GVWR under 26,000 lbs. In an already tight job market, this reduces the stress on contractors to find and retain drivers.

Derated

“Derating” is a way of assigning a GVWR to a vehicle by setting a limit on the payload capacity. You may see a 33,000 lb. sweeper “derated” to 26,000 lbs. after production in order to sell it as non-CDL.

So, where did the weight go? When a vehicle is “derated,” essentially, the manufacturer adds an artificial limit on the carrying capacity.

  • For example, your 33,000 lb. GVWR sweeper with an 11,000 lb. payload capacity weighs 22,000 lbs. when completely empty (33,000 – 11,000). When you derate the GVWR, you must still stay under 26,000 lbs. total – meaning you can only use 4,000 lbs. of your 11,000 lb. capacity.

This means your full-size 5 yd3 sweeper is over legal weight before your hopper is half full! This can result in hefty fines if you accidentally go over your legal payload limit. That doesn’t leave you much room when you consider:

  • 360 gallons of water weighs 2,500 lbs.
  • 1 yd3 of sand weighs 2,400 lbs.
  • 1 yd3 of asphalt millings weigh approx. 2,800 lbs.

Why Does it Matter?

Weight restrictions haven’t always guided purchasing decisions the way they do now. Because of the high demand for CDL drivers, as well as the rising cost of fuel and operations, the non-CDL segment has become increasingly popular. Now, many larger format vehicles, whose designs have typically relied on heavy steel, are trying to enter the segment. They do this by derating their existing 33,000 lb. GVW chassis to 26,000 – a quick fix that allows them to target the new market.

Alternatively, some manufacturers may have considered weight restrictions from the design stage. Through focused technology and purposeful engineering, they focus on reinforcing components that matter and saving weight in areas that aren’t force-bearing. This means the sweepers have all the power and a fraction of the weight – plus, no specialized licenses required.

See: ODRA’s MT4H (mounted on an Isuzu NRR chassis) and MS5H (mounted on a Freightliner M2 chassis).

Odra-MT4H-Mechanical-Road-sweeper
ODRA-MS5H-Road-Sweeper

Overview

MODEL

EMPTY WEIGHT

PAYLOAD CAPACITY

TOTAL WEIGHT (GVWR)

Competitor Sweeper – Required CDL

22,000 lbs.

11,000 lbs.

33,000 lbs.

ODRA MT4H – True non-CDL

14,500 lbs.

5,000 lbs.

19,500 lbs.

ODRA MS5H – True non-CDL

17,500 lbs.

8,000 lbs.

25,500 lbs.

Competitor Sweeper – Derated

22,000 lbs.

4,000 lbs.

26,000 lbs.

When it comes to selecting a sweeper, understanding the different CDL requirements is important as it will affect your hiring/retention plan and can result in serious implications if done wrong. If you want to take full advantage of the large hopper you’re paying for, it’s important to make sure the unit you’re purchasing suits you and your sweeping needs.

When it comes to selecting a sweeper, understanding the different types available is crucial. Whether you’re managing heavy-duty cleanup, tackling light debris, or maintaining streets, there’s a sweeper designed to meet your specific needs.

  • CDL-required: Any vehicle 26,001 lbs. GVWR or larger requires a commercial driver’s license to operate. Professional commercial truck drivers are at a shortage in the United States due to the size and demand of supply chain.
  • Non-CDL: Drivers do not need a commercial drivers license to operate. Total GVWR will always be under the maximum GVWR (26,000 lbs.).
  • Derated: Drivers do not need a commercial drivers license to operate, however proceed with caution. If you accidentally go over your weight capacity, you may face hefty fines.

Contact Our Team: Need assistance in choosing the right sweeper for your specific application? Our expert team is here to help! Reach out to us today for personalized guidance and recommendations. Let’s keep your streets clean and efficient!